Examples of nouns come in a wide variety of lengths, some of them familiar and others bizarre to the eye or ear. They can often be identified by the roles they play in the sentences we use, even if as a word their meaning is obscure (behalf, for example?). They can be classified and organised along a few different lines, which will be listed below with examples of each.
Concrete nouns name every item and entity that you can experience with the five physical senses (sight, smell, touch, taste, sound), whereas abstract nouns describe those states, emotions, entities, etc. that cannot be sensed the same way.
Collective nouns, like team and flock, are single words that represents a collection of individual nouns, like players or seagulls. Uncountable or mass nouns are words that cannot be made plural (like gas or fruit), whereas countable nouns can (canisters, vegetables).
Compound nouns are words formed by the combination of other, existing words (sundown, chequebook, lady-in-waiting). Noun phrases are combinations of words that are treated as one word within a sentence: for example, the holiday I spent in Wales in 1986.
|type of noun
the Statue of Liberty
|Possessive||(my) brother’s (car)
(the) children’s (futures)
Margaret Thatcher’s (legacy)
|noun phrases||the best thing to do now
my favourite pizza topping
the grandfather I never met
swimming across the English Channel